ETTORE MAJORANA CENTRE FOR SCIENTIFIC CULTURE
It is unprecedented in human history that mankind has accumulated
such a military power to destroy, at once, all centres of civilization in the
world and to affect some vital properties of the planet.
The danger of a nuclear holocaust is not the unavoidable consequence
of the great development of pure Science.
In fact, Science is the study of the Fundamental Laws of Nature.
Technology is the study of how the power of mankind can be increased.
Technology can be for peace and for war. The choice between peace and war is
not a scientific choice. It is a cultural one: the culture of love
produces peaceful technology. The culture of hatred produces
instruments of war. Love and hatred have existed forever. In the bronze and
iron ages, notoriously pre-scientific, mankind invented and built tools for
peace and instruments of war. In the so called "modern era" it is imperative
that culture of love wins.
An enormous number of scientists share their time between pure Science
research and military applications. This is a fundamental source for the
It is necessary that a new trend develops, inside the scientific
community and on an international basis.
It is of vital importance to identify the basic factors needed to start an
effective process to protect human life and culture from a third and
unprecedented catastrophic war. To accomplish this it is necessary to change
the peace movement from a unilateral action to a truly international one
involving proposals based on mutual and true understanding.
Here are our proposals:
- Scientists who wish to devote all of their time, fully, to study
theoretically or experimentally the basic laws of Nature, should in no case
suffer for this free choice, to do only pure Science.
- All Governments should make every effort to reduce or eliminate
restrictions on the free flow of information, ideas and people. Such
restrictions add to suspicion and animosity in the world.
- All Governments should make every effort to reduce secrecy in the
technology of defense. The practice of secrecy generates hatred and
distrust. To start a ban for military secrecy will create greater stability
than offered by deterrence alone.
- All Governments should continue their action to prevent the acquisition
of nuclear weapons by additional nations or non-national groups.
- All Governments should make every effort to reduce their nuclear weapons
- All Governments should make every effort to reduce the causes of
insecurity of non-nuclear powers.
- All Governments should make every effort to ban all types of nuclear
tests in war technology.
- Those scientists
- in the East and in the West - who agree with this "Erice Statement", engage
morally themselves to do everything possible in
order to make the new trend, outlined in the present document, to
become effective all the world over and as soon as possible.
- This Statement was written in ERICE, August 1982, by Paul A.M. DIRAC, Piotr
KAPITZA and Antonino ZICHICHI. During the course of the three years
(1982 - 1985) it has been signed by TEN THOUSAND scientists, the world over.
- The "Erice Statement" has
attracted the attention of World Leaders such as Deng Xiao Ping (China),
Mikhail Gorbachev (USSR), Olaf Palme (Sweden),
Sandro Pertini (Italy), Ronald Reagan (USA), Pierre Trudeau (Canada) and
stimulated various actions on their part for a Science without Secrecy